Two third of children in the world experience otitis media with effusion (OME) at least once in their life. According to the importance of knowing OME reason in pediatrics, beside introduced probable bacterial and viral causal agents, Pseudomonas aeruginosa was evaluated either.
In this study, 42 middle ear fluid (MEF) samples were collected from pediatrics who confirmed OME by an ears, nose and throat (ENT) specialist. Samples were cultured on bacteriological media for bacterial growth and were either extracted for total DNA and RNA to be tested for introduced bacterial and viral agents with simple and Reverse Transcriptase PCR method within specific primers.
Total results from culture and molecular methods showed that the most prevalent infections were Pseudomonas aeruginosa and streptococcus pneumonia with 33.33% and 14.29% respectively. In total, 66.67% of patients were infected with bacteria, 11.9% with test viruses while in 21.42% of patients no infectious agents were detected. Influenza type A was the only virus was detected.
Pseudomonas aeruginosa was the most prevalent agent while mostly detected in patients who were referred from the tropical and humid region. According to these results, it is highly recommended to know the pattern of OME infection in each area separately for more successful treatment.